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That summer they held the Bonfire Pipe to Pipe and I won three thousand dollars, which was enough to get an apartment and start college. Blum lived six blocks away. Within the first three months, we got evicted, I had my first mental breakdown, drove to California, realized I had to keep doing what I was doing, and drove back to Oregon. I was working full time at Baskin Robbins and going to school. We would ride Timberline and Meadows. Towards the end of the school term I got a call from Laura Hadar. With Runway, is that when Salt Lake City appeared on your radar?
So I bailed on winter term.
I went out there and I filmed. I eventually made it back to Gresham and knew I was moving out to Utah. That Hadar call was a big one. She is the tenth link and these days I think about her a lot. I never really think about girls influencing you, but now that you bring up Hadar it makes sense. I used to call her the Mother Bird. She took me under her wing. She showed me how to film and how to navigate the industry. But then her injuries came and that coincided with her Nike deal.
I stopped fucking with her at that point. That was just my ego distorting my reality. It pretty much goes across the board for women and even a lot of guys. Especially after going through my own injuries. Within your time crewed up with Hadar came Videograss.
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Videograss was my friends and all of my favorite snowboarders. They came out of the gates as a core video for the current generation. They set out to do things on their own terms and make it underground and edgy. They also wanted to include Hadar and I, they were down. What happened? I was naive, hungry, and unaware of my limits. I was scared. I was embarrassed. When Justin showed me my part for the first time, I cried. Lets talk about Peep Show. Was it groundbreaking progressive snowboarding? After Videograss, Peep Show provided a place for me to pick myself back up and continue to learn how to film.
I would travel the states with Marie Hucal, who is the eleventh link. She taught me how to have a free spirit and to try to take snowboarding less seriously. When did you turn the corner and start winning awards? In My priority was helping her get the clips, so I would build and shovel and then if I wanted to, I could hit the spots too. She would help me just as much as I helped her. Jess funded those trips for me. She paid for my hotel, food, travel, and provided the filmer, who happened to be Joe Carlino.
The filmers were a huge part of that success. Good filming and editing can make anyone look better. Tanner put together my season edit and I finally had my first real video part presented by Bonfire. A month after it came out Bonfire cut me. They were dissolving the team and my contract was up so I was the first one let go.
That was hard. In my head, I was like, cool, this is a beginning. This is where it starts. Then to get cut immediately after, it was just like, are you fucking kidding me? I sent Jesse Burtner a Facebook message. That turned into some emails and then a phone call. Jesse was really responsive and into the idea of me joining the crew.
I got in the van that December and drove to the East Coast on my 25th birthday. Think Thank seems like an all-for-one, one-for-all type of program. It is. That entire crew became such a big part of my life for those three years. I fell in love with it more. Going on every trip was like a constant party. I was so happy… But how did things change? Think Thank showed me what I was capable of and how important it is to have a good crew. I would make mistakes, too. I was too outspoken. I was too negative, and I was too honest. Nobody likes honesty in snowboarding, or in the world for that matter.
I mean who was I up against in ? It was me, Jamie Anderson and Jess Kimura. Maybe MFR. Maybe even Kimmy? The same could be said about the years you were injured and was an Olympic year for Jamie. Have you ever had the freedom to just focus on the snowboarding? Where does the drive to put so much on your plate come from? With United Slopes, there were a lot of issues because I was so controlling over the way that I wanted to present that idea. The only way to accomplish that is by taking on more.
You get the picture. I am crazy. Were you happy with United Slopes? I learned so much and it was awesome to see it spark something within our industry. People actually reached out and shared their stories and passion for snowboarding. The goal of USA was to make people want to go snowboarding. I was able to tell stories that no one else would have bothered to tell because the only stories being told these days have to directly benefit the sales of products.
My biggest mistake was making it about the resorts rather than about the people. Resorts can fuck right off.
Why is it that the industry seems to be shrinking? Because no one can afford to go snowboarding anymore. The average ticket price is over dollars and the resorts are committed to providing an experience based around consumerism rather than focusing on the beauty of what the actual mountain provides. United Slopes was something to do while I was hurt. That web series made it so I could come back from two knee surgeries and three herniated discs.
After United Slopes I wanted to film again. I was itching. Especially because of how good Jill Perkins did last year and how much more active a lot of the other women are with filming.
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How do you balance making something for your friends, making something for your sponsors, and making something for your fans? I think my fans will just like it. An earthquake struck during filming of the cut sequence where the McFly family gathers around the table, and the crew was afraid the props may have moved around too much to edit the scene seamlessly. To their surprise, everything was exactly where it was supposed to be for the sequence.
The biggest effect of the picture is a camera trick called "vistaglide". There are four scenes that use the effect of the same actor interacting with themselves. The four scenes that were shot were Griff and Biff in the Cafe '80s, the dinner sequence in , Biff talking to Biff in the garage, and Doc talking with Doc.
In order to create the dinner sequence with the vistaglide, the camera had to be divided into thirds and Michael had to come in three different times to play his older self, Marty, Jr. This is the first film to accomplish interaction between the same actor on the screen twice as two different characters.
If you watch closely, you'll see that Biff's hand disappears during the scene in the garage. Casey Siemaszko , who plays one of Biff's cronies, is named "3-D" because he wears 3-D glasses. In , he wears the paper kind issued at 's style 3-D movies, but for his scenes in , a pair of real sunglasses with red and blue lenses were made to better suit the era. By , Griff's goons wear holographic-type shades. In this movie a disguised " Doc Brown" holds a conversation with his counterpart. If you look carefully in Back to the Future , you can see a man dressed exactly like this and therefore, presumably Doc walking away shortly before the clock tower scene.
In the DVD commentary, it is explained that this was not intentional, as the script for Back to the Future Part II hadn't even been written at the time that they filmed the first one. When "Hill Valley" was created for Back to the Future , they built the town in the pristine condition, and shot the middle of the movie, then damaged it for the town, and shot the beginning and end of the movie. When they decided to shoot Back to the Future Part II , they had to clean the set up and restore it to the same condition it was in It cost more to rebuild than it cost to build it from scratch.
Elisabeth Shue was cast as Jennifer, and all the closing shots of Back to the Future were re-shot for the beginning of this film. Claudia Wells Jennifer in Back to the Future was unable to reprise her role, as she had stopped acting because her mother had been diagnosed with cancer. She returned to acting for the independent film Still Waters Burn To commemorate the film in , USA Today changed their masthead to the futuristic logo featured in the film, and reissued the front page featuring Marty, Jr.
Nike developed real-world versions of the self-tying sneakers called Mag and sold them with the proceeds going to Michael J. Fox 's Parkinson's research foundation. This movie was the most advanced film of its time for using "every trick in the book", according to Robert Zemeckis. It was in the late s when the concept of CGI was starting. However, in the film, very few CGI effects were actually needed. He also added, "they've been around for years, it's just that parent groups haven't let toy manufacturers make them.
But we got our hands on some and put them in the movie. Although they looked pretty convincing in the movie, the hoverboards were simply wooden props attached to the actors and actresses feet. To make the boards fly, the actors were suspended by cables, which were then erased during post-production.
This is Christopher Lloyd 's birthday. Very few of the original costumes from the Enchantment Under the Sea Dance were used for production of the sequel. Lea Thompson was the only actress present wearing her dress from the original movie. Biff's alternate incarnation was loosely inspired by Donald Trump , while Lorraine's was based upon Tammy Faye Bakker.
On the marquee is the name of the director, "Max Spielberg", executive producer Steven Spielberg's son. Max was born in June of , the same year the first film in the franchise was released. Spielberg also came up with Marty's response to seeing the hologram, "The shark still looks fake", referring to Spielberg's frustration and doubts about "Bruce", the mechanical shark in Jaws Pepsi Max did become an actual flavor by in Europe. The American version was introduced in Robert Zemeckis considers this one of his favorite, and strangest films.
To commemorate the film, a fake teaser trailer spoofing the non-existent "Jaws 19" was released on October 21, Originally, only one sequel was planned. The script for this sequel, known as "Paradox" included all the elements of this movie and Back to the Future Part III , but compressed to fit into one movie. However, it was revealed with the release of the DVD set that there was an even earlier script which involved Marty meeting up with his parents while they're college students in the sixties.
This was probably dropped because no matter how you cut it, George and Lorraine wouldn't have been in college during the "Protest Era", they were too old. The shirt that Doc wears for the majority of the film features a design depicting cowboys on horseback and a train, foreshadowing the climax of the third film. Many shows from the s are featured on the televisions inside the Cafe '80s, including Family Ties and Taxi , which originally starred Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd , respectively. Fox , but rather voice actress Grey Griffin. Although Marty McFly comments that his son "looks just like him", there is one notable difference between the two aside from a faulty jacket sleeve and a white t-shirt : Marty McFly, Jr.
Doc mentions to Marty that he visited a rejuvenation clinic in the future to make him appear younger. This was written so that Christopher Lloyd would not have to constantly wear old-age make-up for the two sequels, since he would primarily be portraying the incarnation of Doc. Doc expresses his regret that he will never be able to visit his favorite historical era, the Old West, and suggests that instead he should devote himself to studying women.
In the original script, Pa Peabody was to have been evaluated at a mental institution for claiming to have seen a spacecraft the DeLorean in the first film. As soon as he is released, he sees a flying DeLorean and fires his shotgun at it, damaging the time circuits.
This is the reason the destination time display flickers over to read Doc mentions that he left Einstein in a suspended animation kennel in This line was written to explain why Einstein was not with Doc when he came back to to pick up Marty and Jennifer, since in Back to the Future , Einstein had gone with Doc into the future, but was not there when Doc came back at the end of that film and the beginning of this one. Near the end of the film, when Marty is attempting to steal the almanac back from Biff, they approach and eventually drive through a tunnel.
Secret History Revealed by Lady Peggy O'Malley
When Marty arrives in , he looks in the window of an antique store, where we see the denim jacket that he wore in , a Roger Rabbit doll and a Jaws Nintendo game. Fox in this movie, would be auctioned off on eBay. After filming the scene where Doc and Marty return from the future to "A" and drop Jennifer off on her front porch swing, the cast and crew waited for daylight and filmed the Part III scene where she is awakened.
Wilson Biff Tannen are the only actors to play the same characters young and old in four different time periods: , , Alternate, and Flea was touring with the Red Hot Chili Peppers and according to him, flew really far away to film his scenes, and had slept for two hours the night before. Flea shot his scenes in one day, and then flew back to the tour that night. Flea said that much of the time was a blur, save for having lost a sweater his grandmother knitted for him on the way to shooting his scenes, and that other than seeing them premiere, he hasn't seen the trilogy since.
In the scene where Marty watches a documentary on the life of Biff in front of the casino, there is a still photo of the part III villain, Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen. Third highest grossing film of The hoverboard sequences required many different special effects and camera tricks. In the shots where Michael J. Fox was on a harness, the soles of his shoes had to be drilled in to the hoverboard. This meant that he had to be carried around in between takes of these scenes. The closing scenes of the first movie were re-shot as the opening scenes of this film.
Several changes were made, especially in Christopher Lloyd 's delivery of his lines. In the original draft of the script, Marty does not see a marquee for "Jaws 19" when in Instead the theater lists "Godzilla ", almost coincidentally predicting the real-life Godzilla The ending of Doc's departure to via weather and his ensuing telegram to Marty is foreshadowed. During the beginning, Doc commented how he wished postal delivery was as reliable as the meteorological service. A scene in which Marty meets his brother, Dave played by Marc McClure , in the alternate was eventually cut, because Wendie Jo Sperber who played Linda, Marty's sister could not reprise her role, because at the time, she was pregnant.
One initial idea for the sequel had the first two acts the same, but the third act had Biff giving his younger self the almanac in the s, not in When Marty went back to stop him, he ran into his parents again who were now hippies and almost stopped his own conception. Robert Zemeckis decided that it was too similar an idea to the first film, and George and Lorraine would have been too old to be hippies. He came up with the idea of revisiting the original Back to the Future from different angles with the two Martys in The television special The Secrets of the Back to the Future Trilogy showed some sequences cut from the film: Biff fades out of after stumbling out of the DeLorean and behind some trash cans.
Marty discovers the destroyed Hill Valley High School. In fall of , Mattel gave the announcement of their official production of the hoverboard, slated for a November or December release in The company started the promotion orders in March , by taking orders that were extended into April. All the orders included a th scale of the hoverboard.
Next to the other futuristic items in the movie, it's the fourth official release of a prop from the movie. Biff Tannen's rise to fortune occurred in not in , as mentioned during the Biff Museum's video presentation. Biff would have been seventeen going on eighteen years old in Too young to legally gamble, he had to wait until when he was twenty-one years old to get into the race track to place any bets. The Wild Gunman video game in Cafe '80s was specially made for the film.
Wild Gunman was an actual light gun game for the Nintendo Entertainment System, but was never a dedicated arcade cabinet. It was, however, included in many of Nintendo's Play Choice 10 machines, hence why a lightgun was on the cabinet. The sound effects heard in the movie are from the game, but, the on-screen graphics are entirely new, drawn to resemble what appeared. Ironically, the actual game itself had far better animation.
When the unconscious Jennifer is taken home by the two officers in , it looks as if great pains were taken to conceal the identity of the one officer Reese. Her face is kept in the dark, and her cap is even kept to where the bill is hiding her eyes. In the hot tub scene, the film Biff and his lady friends are watching is A Fistful of Dollars , starring Clint Eastwood. Christopher Lloyd celebrated his 77th birthday on October 22, , the day after Doc and Marty visit in the film.
Russ Meyer and Richard Lester are the only other filmmakers to have ended a movie with a trailer before this release. Recent premium cable television versions have dropped the teaser. The Cafe '80s restaurant in is a conglomeration of the storefront's two previous incarnations in Back to the Future In , it was the home of "Lou's Cafe", and in , it was a fitness and workout club.
While the Cafe '80s is primarily a restaurant, there are people seen working out on the exercise bikes seen when Griff tells the riders "Keep pedalling, you two". The "reverse 99" image in the sky is not intended to represent a mathematical figure that designates a number of years travelled in time; it is merely the pair of flaming "spiral trails" that the DeLorean's wheels made as it spun rapidly up to eighty-eight miles per hour after being hit by lightning.
When Doc sees the future newspaper headline change to tell him that he was "commended" instead of "committed", a headline at the bottom of the page changes from "Nixon seeks fifth term" to "Reagan seeks second term". Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan. Cheryl Wheeler Duncan , stunt double for Darlene Vogel , was injured during filming of the hoverboard sequence when, due to a technical mishap, instead of flying through the fake glass in the courthouse, she careened into the concrete pillar and then dropped thirty feet on to the concrete below.
They didn't re-shoot the scene, and you can clearly see her hitting the pillar and falling to the ground in the final film. One of the conceptions of the universe that didn't make it on-screen because of the budget cuts was a sport called "Slam Ball", that would be played in an anti-gravity chamber, and combine Jai Alai, handball, and roller derby.
Several elaborate sequences were deleted through various revisions of the script, including: During the hoverboard chase, Marty grabs on to a flying car that actually pulls him into the sky to a very high altitude. When Marty loses his grip, he is rescued by Doc in a flying van. Marty and Doc, after learning when Biff received the almanac, have to escape in the DeLorean during a police shoot-out. When the car's flying circuits are damaged by gunfire, Doc plunges the time machine straight toward the ground in order to reach eighty-eight miles per hour.
While Marty and Doc try to recover the almanac, the fusion generator and in later revisions, the time circuits is damaged by Farmer Peabody a character Marty encountered in the first film who still thinks the DeLorean is a space ship. With Mr. Fusion and the flight circuits heavily damaged, Marty and Doc fly the DeLorean into an array of power lines over the Grand Canyon to generate enough power to return to This film introduces a new character trait for Marty: losing his temper and self control when someone calls him a "chicken.
Two years were spent building the sets and completing the scripts for this film and Back to the Future Part II They were both filmed over the course of eleven months. Darlene Vogel wore a red contact lens in her right eye as Griff's female gang member Spike. According to her, this idea developed because her own eye has two different colors in it. This is a condition called Heterochromia iridum. In a minute there is time For decisions and revisions which a minute will reverse.
For I have known them all already, known them all: Have known the evenings, mornings, afternoons, I have measured out my life with coffee spoons; I know the voices dying with a dying fall Beneath the music from a farther room. So how should I presume? And I have known the eyes already, known them all— The eyes that fix you in a formulated phrase, And when I am formulated, sprawling on a pin, When I am pinned and wriggling on the wall, Then how should I begin To spit out all the butt-ends of my days and ways?
And how should I presume? And I have known the arms already, known them all— Arms that are braceleted and white and bare But in the lamplight, downed with light brown hair! Is it perfume from a dress That makes me so digress? Arms that lie along a table, or wrap about a shawl. And should I then presume? And how should I begin? Shall I say, I have gone at dusk through narrow streets And watched the smoke that rises from the pipes Of lonely men in shirt-sleeves, leaning out of windows?
I should have been a pair of ragged claws Scuttling across the floors of silent seas. And the afternoon, the evening, sleeps so peacefully! Smoothed by long fingers, Asleep … tired … or it malingers, Stretched on the floor, here beside you and me.
Mally ; part 1 : The boy who flew through windows / Mally Welburn - Hull History Centre Catalogue
Should I, after tea and cakes and ices, Have the strength to force the moment to its crisis? And would it have been worth it, after all, Would it have been worth while, After the sunsets and the dooryards and the sprinkled streets, After the novels, after the teacups, after the skirts that trail along the floor— And this, and so much more?
I am not Prince Hamlet, nor was meant to be; Am an attendant lord, one that will do To swell a progress, start a scene or two, Advise the prince; no doubt, an easy tool, Deferential, glad to be of use, Politic, cautious, and meticulous; Full of high sentence, but a bit obtuse; At times, indeed, almost ridiculous— Almost, at times, the Fool. Shall I part my hair behind? Do I dare to eat a peach? I shall wear white flannel trousers, and walk upon the beach. I have heard the mermaids singing, each to each.
I have seen them riding seaward on the waves Combing the white hair of the waves blown back When the wind blows the water white and black. We have lingered in the chambers of the sea By sea-girls wreathed with seaweed red and brown Till human voices wake us, and we drown. So you see that old libel that we were cynics and skeptics was nonsense from the beginning. On the contrary we were the great believers.
That had been percolating for a long long time. I had been so frustrated by the critical response to that movie. Anyway, I was happy to finally lay down my case about it. Fitzgerald was a writer I liked right away, even though I was forced to read his stuff at 14 or I credit my love to my 10th grade teacher, Mr. His love of The Great Gatsby permeated his lectures, his enthusiasm was infectious. Paul Minnesota in He went to Princeton, and afterwards joined the army.
Somewhere in those early years, he sold his first story and was only 23 years old he wrote and published his first novel: This Side of Paradise. Fitzgerald was immediately seen as the voice of that era and that generation. The Jazz Age went sour for Fitzgerald early, long before the stock market crash.
You can already feel the death knell in The Great Gatsby , published in As everyone knows, F. Girls, for instance, have found the accent shifted from chemical purity to breadth of viewpoint, intellectual charm and piquant cleverness … we find the young woman of flirting, kissing, viewing life lightly, saying damn without a blush, playing along the danger line in an immature way — a sort of mental baby vamp … Personally, I prefer this sort of girl.
Indeed, I married the heroine of my stories. I would not be interested in any other sort of woman. Scott and Zelda lived their relationship in public. They danced in fountains, misbehaved, partied, kept scrapbooks of clippings from the gossip pages. Dorothy Parker had a vivid and oft-quoted memory of seeing the two of them shortly after their marriage:. Robert Sherwood brought Scott and Zelda to me right after their marriage. I had met Scott before. He told me he was going to marry the most beautiful girl in Alabama and Georgia!
I wrote about that essay here. The essay is an elegiac ode to a lost world, still glimmering beneath the water.
FEARLESS MEMOIR: 'World's Fair' (Chapter 6)
Nobody did elegiac better than Fitzgerald, and it is a striking quality in someone so young. But he also had a perspective on the world outside his own experience also a striking quality. A young Minnesotan who seemed to have had nothing to do with his generation did a heroic thing, and for a moment people set down their glasses in country clubs and speakeasies and thought of their old best dreams. Maybe there was a way out by flying, maybe our restless blood could find frontiers in the illimitable air.
But by that time we were all pretty well committed; and the Jazz Age continued; we would all have one more. What had he ever done that could compete with that? Zelda and her husband were in sync in those early days, and they wrote articles together about their peripatetic life the articles contained double bylines. You should read The Crack-Up. I wrote a pretty lengthy essay about the title essay of that collection. It seems to me that on one page I recognized a portion of an old diary of mine which mysteriously disappeared shortly after my marriage, and also scraps of letters, which, though considerably edited, sound to me vaguely familiar.
In fact, Mr. Fitzgerald — I believe that is how he spells his name — seems to believe that plagiarism begins at home. He faced the void of the blank page every day, and under enormous pressure too. Zelda had many problems, and many were not her fault. But she did not have the discipline he did. She could be a wonderful writer, but she was sporadic in her work ethic, she would drop things when the inspiration passed, much of her stuff was formless and needed a lot of shaping, and she also was quite ill for a lot of the time.
Not everything is a conspiracy to silence women. There were plenty of women writers publishing at that time, it was a publishing Golden Age. I am haunted by Zelda Fitzgerald. The Great Gatsby was published in Fitzgerald worked hard on the book and was tormented throughout the process.
Reviews were mixed to extremely negative. Nobody wanted bleak commentary, especially from him.
They wanted the eternal party, they wanted the flattery of how he reflected them back to themselves. In , F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote a heartbreaking letter to Perkins:. Would the cent press keep Gatsby in the public eye — or is the book unpopular? Has it had its chance?
Would a popular reissue in that series with a preface not by me but by one of its admirers — I can maybe pick one — make it a favorite with classrooms, profs, lovers of English prose — anybody? But to die, so completely and unjustly after having given so much! We all know what ended up happening to Zelda. While they lived in Paris, she got it into her head that she needed to be a ballerina. Soon, she was dancing for 6, 7, 8 hours a day. She would dance for them.
These stories are very painful. Zelda had her first breakdown in Her husband was devastated by her illness. By that point, his drinking problem was entrenched. She was institutionalized in Asheville, North Carolina. He visited constantly, staying in a nearby hotel. He was crushed as well by what was obviously a slacking off in public receptivity to his work. I wrote about it here. In that essay, Fitzgerald wrote:.
The dream had been early realized and the realization carried with it a certain bonus and a certain burden. Premature success gives one an almost mystical conception of destiny as opposed to will power — at its worse the Napoleonic delusion. The man who arrives young believes that he exercises his will because his star is shining. The man who only asserts himself at thirty has a balanced idea of what will power and fate have each contributed, the one who gets there at forty is liable to put the emphasis on will alone.
This comes out when the storms strike your craft. It is very rare to have such perception about your own experience. Perception like that is hard-won. Fitzgerald supported himself in those lean grim years by cranking out short stories for the big mags at the time, stuff that paid the bills but left him feeling empty. Scott Fitzgerald died of a heart attack at 44, leaving an unfinished novel The Last Tycoon behind him. Zelda would die, horribly, in , when a fire broke out in her institution.
The patients, trapped in a locked ward, were burned alive. She had always been terrified of fire. It is terrible, terrible to contemplate. But now, reading it as an adult, with a lot of wreckage in the rear view mirror, I enter the story through Gatsby. I understand Gatsby now.