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About this book
  1. Marjorie Bowen
  2. Lisa Mednick Powell | Proto-Americana | News

From the blood of the mutilated Uranus leaped into being the Furies, whose heads writhe with serpents; the Giants, a novel race of monsters; and the Melic Nymphs, invidious maidens of the ashen spear. The Rule of Cronus. He is, from the beginning, of incalculable years.

For unknown ages Cronus and Rhea, his sister-queen, governed Heaven and Earth. Cronus, however, having learned from his parents that he should be dethroned by one of his own children, conceived the well-intentioned but ill-considered device of swallowing each as it was born. His queen, naturally desirous of discouraging the practice, — when it came to the turn of her sixth child, palmed off on the insatiable Cronus a stone carefully enveloped in swaddling clothes.

Jupiter or Zeus , the rescued infant, was concealed in the island of Crete, where, nurtured by the nymphs, Adrastea and Ida, and fed on the milk of the goat Amalthea, he in due season attained maturity. First came to light the memorable stone, which was placed in safe keeping at Delphi; then the five brothers and sisters of Jupiter, ardent to avenge themselves upon the unnatural author of their existence and their captivity. The War of the Titans. Jupiter and his hosts held Mount Olympus. For ages victory wavered in the balance. Instantly they hastened to the battle-field of Thessaly, the Cyclopes to support Jupiter with their thunders and lightnings, the hundred-handed monsters with the shock of the earthquake.

Provided with such artillery, shaking earth and sea, Jupiter issued to the onslaught. With the gleam of the lightning the Titans were blinded, by the earthquake they were laid low, with the flames they were well-nigh consumed: overpowered and fettered by the hands of the Hecatonchires, they were consigned to the yawning cave of Tartarus. Atlas, the son of Iapetus, was doomed to bear the heavens on his shoulders. But a more famous son of the same Titan, Prometheus, who had espoused the cause of Jove, acquired dignity hereafter to be set forth.

The Division of Empire. He delegated to his brother Neptune or Posidon the kingdom of the sea and of all the waters; to his brother Pluto or Hades , the government of the underworld, dark, unseen, mysterious, where the spirits of the dead should dwell, and of Tartarus, wherein were held the fallen Titans. For himself Jupiter retained Earth and the Heaven, into whose broad and sunny regions towered Olympus, the favored mountain of the greater gods. The Reign of Jupiter. Another son was born to her — Typhon, a monster more awful than his predecessors — whose destiny it was to dispute the sway of the almighty Zeus.

From the neck of Typhon dispread themselves a hundred dragon-heads; his eyes shot fire, and from his black-tongued chaps proceeded the hissing of snakes, the bellowing of bulls, the roaring of lions, the barking of dogs, pipings and screams, and, at times, the voice and utterance of the gods themselves. Against Heaven this horror lifted himself; but quailing before the thunderbolt of Jove, he too descended to Tartarus, his own place and the abode of his brethren.

To this day, however, he grumbles and hisses, thrusts upward a fiery tongue through the crater of a volcano, or, breathing siroccos, scorches trees and men. Later still, the Giants , offspring of the blood that fell from the wounded Uranus, renewed the revolt against the Olympian gods.

They were creatures nearer akin to men than were the Titans, or the Cyclopes, or Typhon. They clothed themselves in the skins of beasts, and armed themselves with rocks and trunks of trees. Their bodies and lower limbs were of snakes. They were awful to encounter or to look upon. They were named, like men, the earth-born; and their characteristics would suggest some prehistoric brutish race, hot-headed, not amenable to reason.

In the war against them, Juno and Minerva, divinities of the new dynasty of Heaven, took active part, — and Hercules, an earthly son of Jupiter, whose arrows aided in their defeat.

Marjorie Bowen

It was from the overthrow of Pallas that Athene or Minerva derived, according to certain records, her proud designation of Pallas-Athene. What other outcome can be expected when mere physical or brute force joins issue with the enlightened and embattled hosts of heaven? Jupiter destroying the Giants. The Origin of Man was a question which the Greeks did not settle so easily as the Hebrews. Greek traditions do not trace all mankind to an original pair. On the contrary, the generally received opinion was that men grew out of trees and stones, or were produced by the rivers or the sea.

Some said that men and gods were both derived from Mother Earth, hence both autochthonous ; and some, indeed, claimed an antiquity for the human race equal to that of the divinities. All narratives, however, agree in one statement, — that the gods maintained intimate relations with men until, because of the growing sinfulness and arrogance of mankind, it became necessary for the immortals to withdraw their favor.

Prometheus, a Creator.

In that conflict, Prometheus, gifted with prophetic wisdom, had adopted the cause of the Olympian deities. To him and his brother Epimetheus was now committed the office of making man and providing him and all other animals with the faculties necessary for their preservation. Prometheus was to overlook the work of Epimetheus. Epimetheus proceeded to bestow upon the different animals the various gifts of courage, strength, swiftness, sagacity; wings to one, claws to another, a shelly covering to a third. But Prometheus himself made a nobler animal than these.

Taking some earth and kneading it with water, he made man in the image of the gods. He gave him an upright stature, so that while other animals turn their faces toward the earth, man gazes on the stars. Then since Epimetheus, always rash, and thoughtful when too late, had been so prodigal of his gifts to other animals that no blessing was left worth conferring upon the noblest of creatures, Prometheus ascended to heaven, lighted his torch at the chariot of the sun, and brought down fire.

With fire in his possession man would be able, when necessary, to win her secrets and treasures from the earth, to develop commerce, science, and the arts. The Age of Gold. Truth and right prevailed, though not enforced by law, nor was there any in authority to threaten or to punish. The forest had not yet been robbed of its trees to yield timbers for vessels, nor had men built fortifications round their towns. There were no such things as swords, spears, or helmets. The earth brought forth all things necessary for man, without his labor in ploughing or sowing.

Perpetual spring reigned, flowers sprang up without seed, the rivers flowed with milk and wine, and yellow honey distilled from the oaks. This Golden Age had begun in the reign of Cronus. The Silver Age came next, inferior to the golden. Jupiter shortened the spring, and divided the year into seasons. Then, first, men suffered the extremes of heat and cold, and houses became necessary. Caves were their dwellings, — and leafy coverts of the woods, and huts woven of twigs. Crops would no longer grow without planting. The farmer was constrained to sow the seed, and the ox to draw the plough.

This was a race of manly men, but insolent and impious. And when they died, Jupiter made them ghosts of the underworld, but withheld the privilege of immortal life. Prometheus, Champion of Man. Therefore, once upon a time, when gods and men were in dispute at Sicyon concerning the prerogatives of each, Prometheus, by an ingenious trick, attempted to settle the question in favor of man.

Dividing into two portions a sacrificial bull; he wrapped all the eatable parts in the skin, cunningly surmounted with uninviting entrails; but the bones he garnished with a plausible mass of fat. He then offered Jupiter his choice. The king of Heaven, although he perceived the intended fraud, took the heap of bones and fat, and, forthwith availing himself of this insult as an excuse for punishing mankind, deprived the race of fire. But Prometheus regained the treasure, stealing it from Heaven in a hollow tube.

He is declared to have planned for man a curse in the shape of woman. How the race had persisted hitherto without woman is a mystery; but that it had done so, with no slight degree of happiness, the experience of the Golden Age would seem to prove. However, the bewitching evil was fashioned, — in Heaven, properly enough, — and every god and goddess contributed something to her perfection.

One gave her beauty, another persuasive charm, a third the faculty of music. And the caution was not groundless. In the hand of Pandora had been placed by the immortals a casket or vase which she was forbidden to open. Overcome by an unaccountable curiosity to know what this vessel contained, she one day lifted the cover and looked in. Forthwith there escaped a multitude of plagues for hapless man — gout, rheumatism, and colic for his body; envy, spite, and revenge for his mind — and scattered themselves far and wide.

Pandora hastened to replace the lid; but one thing only remained in the casket, and that was hope. Because of his unselfish devotion to the cause of humanity, Prometheus drew down on himself the anger of Olympian Jove, by whose order he was chained to a rock on Mount Caucasus, and subjected to the attack of a vulture which, for ages, preyed upon his liver, yet succeeded not in consuming it.

But to reveal his secret he disdained. In this steadfastness he was supported by the knowledge that in the thirteenth generation there should arrive a hero, — a son of the mighty Jove — to release him. A happy application of the story of Prometheus is made by Longfellow in the following verses: — Next to the Age of Silver came the Brazen Age, 63 more savage of temper and readier for the strife of arms, yet not altogether wicked.

Last came the hardest age and worst, the Age of Iron. Crime burst in like a flood; modesty, truth, and honor fled. The gifts of the earth were put only to nefarious uses. Fraud, violence, war at home and abroad were rife. The Flood. He summoned the gods to council. Obeying the call, they travelled the Milky Way to the palace of Heaven.

There, Jupiter set forth to the assembly the frightful condition of the earth, and announced his intention of destroying its inhabitants, and providing a new race, unlike the present, which should be worthier of life, and more reverent toward the gods. Fearing lest a conflagration might set Heaven itself on fire, he proceeded to drown the world. Not satisfied with his own waters, he called his brother Neptune to his aid. Speedily the race of men, and their possessions, were swept away by the deluge.

Deucalion and Pyrrha. Jupiter, remembering the harmless lives and pious demeanor of this pair, caused the waters to recede, — the sea to return to its shores, and the rivers to their channels. Then Deucalion and Pyrrha, entering a temple, defaced with slime, approached the unkindled altar, and, falling prostrate, prayed for guidance and aid. The earth is the great parent of all; the stones are her bones; these we may cast behind us; this, I think, the oracle means. At least, to try will harm us not. The stones began to grow soft, and to assume shape.

By degrees, they put on a rude resemblance to the human form. Those thrown by Deucalion became men; those by Pyrrha, women. It was a hard race that sprang up, and well adapted to labor. The Demigods and Heroes. Since, however, these demigods and heroes were, many of them, reputed to have been directly descended from Deucalion, their epoch must be regarded as subsequent to the deluge. Another great division of the Greek people, the Pelasgic, resident in the Peloponnesus or southern portion of the peninsula, was said to have sprung from a different stock of heroes, that of Pelasgus, son of Phoroneus of Argos, and grandson of the river-god Inathus.

The demigods and heroes were of matchless worth and valor. Their adventures form the subject of many of the succeeding chapters. They were the chieftains of the Theban and the Trojan wars and of numerous other military or predatory expeditions. Since most of the myths in Chapters IV to XXVII are best known to English poetry in their Latin form, the Latin designations, or Latinized forms of Greek names, have been retained; but, for the poetic conception of all these stories, except such as are contained in Sections 55, 56, 98 and , we are indebted not to the Roman but the Greek imagination.

The gods had their separate dwellings; but all, when summoned, repaired to the palace of Jupiter, — even the deities whose usual abode was the earth, the waters, or the underworld. In the great hall of the Olympian king the gods feasted each day on ambrosia and nectar. Here they conversed of the affairs of heaven and earth; and as they quaffed the nectar that Hebe poured, Apollo made melody with his lyre, and the Muses sang in responsive strain. When the sun was set, the gods withdrew to their respective dwellings for the night. The following lines from the Odyssey express the conception of Olympus entertained by Homer : —.

The Great Gods. His daughter by Dione, — Venus Aphrodite. Of these all were deities of the highest order save Hebe, who must be ranked with the lesser gods. Jupiter 71 Zeus. Jupiter was the supreme ruler of the universe, wisest of the divinities and most glorious. In the Iliad he informs the other gods that their united strength would not budge him: that, on the contrary, he could draw them, and earth, and the seas to himself, and suspend all from Olympus by a golden chain. Throned in the high, clear heavens, Jupiter was the gatherer of clouds and snows, the dispenser of gentle rains and winds, the moderator of light and heat and the seasons, the thunderer, the wielder of the thunderbolt.

Bodily strength and valor were dear to him. He was worshipped with various rites in different lands, and to him were sacred everywhere the loftiest trees and the grandest mountain peaks. He required of his worshippers cleanliness of surroundings and person and heart. Justice was his; his to repay violation of duty in the family, in social relations, and in the state. Prophecy was his; and his will was made known at the oracle of Dodona, where answers were given to those who inquired concerning the future. This oracular shrine was the most ancient in Greece.

According to one account two black doves had taken wing from Thebes in Egypt. One flew to Dodona in Epirus, and, alighting in a grove of oaks, proclaimed to the inhabitants of the district that they should establish there an oracle of Jupiter. The other dove flew to the temple of Jupiter Ammon in the Libyan oasis, and delivered a similar command.

The responses of the oracle were given by the rustling of the oak trees in the wind. The sounds were interpreted by priests. That Jupiter himself, though wedded to the goddess Juno, should be charged with numerous other love affairs, not only in respect of goddesses, but of mortals, is, in part, explained by the fact that to the supreme divinity of the Greeks have been ascribed attributes and adventures of numerous local, and foreign, divinities that were gradually identified with him.

It is, therefore, not wise to assume that the love affairs of Jupiter and of other divinities always symbolize combinations of natural or physical forces that have repeated themselves in ever-varying guise. It is important to understand that the more ideal Olympian religion absorbed features of inferior religions, and that Jupiter, when represented as appropriating the characteristics of other gods, was sometimes, also, accredited with their wives. Beside the children of Jupiter already enumerated, there should here be mentioned, as of peculiar consequence, Bacchus Dionysus , the god of wine, a deity of earth, — Proserpine, the wife of Pluto and queen of the underworld, — and Hercules, the greatest of the heroes.

Conceptions of Jupiter. His special messenger was the eagle. The statue-of Olympian Jove by Phidias was considered the highest achievement of Grecian sculpture. For the parts representing flesh were of ivory laid on a frame-work of wood, while the drapery and ornaments were of gold. The height of the figure was 1 feet ; the pedestal twelve feet high. The god was represented as seated on his throne. His brows were crowned with; wreath of olive; he held in his right hand a sceptre, and in hi left a statue of Victory.

The throne was of cedar, adorned with gold and precious stones.

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Jupiter Enthroned. The idea which the artist essayed to embody was that of the supreme deity of the Hellenic nation, enthroned as a conqueror, in perfect majesty and repose, and ruling with a nod the subject world. Unfortunately, our knowledge of this famous statue is confined to literary descriptions, and to copies on coins. Other representations of Jove, such as that given above, have been obtained from the wall-paintings of Herculaneum and Pompeii.

Juno 73 Hera , sister and wife of Jupiter. According to some, her name Hera means Splendor of Heaven, according to others, the Lady. Some think it approves her goddess of earth; others, goddess of the air; still others, for reasons by no means final, say that it signifies Protectress, and applies to Juno in her original function of moon-goddess, the chosen guardian of women, their aid in seasons of distress. She is the type of matronly virtues and dignity. She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea, but was brought up by Oceanus and Tethys, in their dwelling in the remote west beyond the sea.

Without the knowledge of her parents, she was wedded to Jupiter in this garden of the gods where ambrosial rivers flowed, and where Earth sent up in honor of the rite a tree of life, heavy with apples golden like the sunset. Juno was the most worthy of the goddesses, the most queenly; ox-eyed , says Homer ; says Hesiod , golden-sandalled and golden-throned. Glorious, beyond compare, was her presence, when she had harnessed her horses, and driven forth the golden-wheeled chariot that Hebe made ready, and that the Hours set aside.

Fearful, too, could be her wrath. For she was of a jealous disposition, which was not happily affected by the vagaries of her spouse; and she was, moreover, prone to quarrels, self-willed, vengeful, proud, even on occasion deceitful. Once, indeed, she conspired with Minerva and Neptune to bind the cloud-compeller himself. More than once she provoked him to blows; and once to worse than blows, — for her lord and master swung her aloft in the clouds, securing her wrists in golden handcuffs, and hanging anvils to her feet. To her the peacock and the cow were dear, and many a grove and pasture rejoiced her sacred herds.

Minerva Athene , the virgin-goddess. She sprang from the brain of Jove, agleam with panoply of war, brandishing a spear, and with her battle-cry awakening the echoes of heaven and earth. She is goddess of the lightning that leaps like a lance from the cloud-heavy sky, and hence, probably, the name, Athene She is goddess of the storms and of the rushing thunder-bolt, and is, therefore, styled Pallas.

She is also the goddess of war, rejoicing in martial music, and protecting the war-horse and the war-ship. On the other hand, she is of a gentle, fair, and thoughtful aspect. She is eternally a virgin, the goddess of wisdom, of skill, of contemplation, of spinning and weaving, of horticulture and agriculture. She is protectress of cities, and was specially worshipped in her own Athens, in Argos, in Sparta, and in Troy.

To her were sacrificed oxen and cows. The olive-tree, created by her, was sacred to her, and, also, the owl, the cock, the serpent, and the crow. Minerva Pallas.


Mars Ares , 75 the war-god, son of Jupiter and Juno. The meaning of the name, Ares , is uncertain; the most probable significations are the Slayer , the Avenger , the Curse. The Roman god of war, Mars, is the bright and burning one. Homer , in the Iliad , represents Ares as the insatiable warrior of the heroic age, who, impelled by rage and lust of violence, exults in the noise of battle, revels in the horror of carnage. Strife and slaughter are the condition of his existence. Where the fight is thickest, there he rushes in without hesitation, without question as to which side is right.

In battle-array, he is resplendent, — on his head the gleaming helmet and floating plume, on his arm the leathern shield, in his hand the redoubtable spear of bronze. Well-favored, stately, swift, unwearied, puissant, gigantic, he is still the foe of wisdom, the scourge of mortals. Usually he fights on foot, sometimes from a chariot drawn by four horses — the offspring of the North Wind and a Fury. In the fray his sons attend him — Terror, Trembling, Panic, and Fear, — also his sister Eris, or Discord the mother of Strife , his daughter Enyo, ruiner of cities, — and a retinue of blood-thirsty demons.

As typifying the chances of war, Mars is, of course, not always successful. In the battles before Troy, Minerva and Juno bring him more than once to grief; and when he complains to Jupiter, he is snubbed as a renegade most hateful of all the gods. In her arms the warrior finds repose. Their daughter Harmonia is the ancestress of the unquiet dynasty of Thebes.

The favorite land of Mars was, according to Homer , the rough, northerly Thrace. His emblems are the spear and the burning torch; his chosen animals are haunters of the battle-field, — the vulture and the dog. Mars Tuesday. Vulcan was the blacksmith of the gods, the finest artificer in metal among them. His forge in Olympus was furnished not only with anvils and all other implements of the trade, but with automatic handmaidens of silver and gold, fashioned by Vulcan himself. Poets later than Homer assign to Vulcan workshops under various volcanic islands.

He built the dwellings of the gods; he made the sceptre of Jove, the shields and spears of the Olympians, the arrows of Apollo and Diana, the breastplate of Hercules, the shield of Achilles. He was lame of gait, — a figurative suggestion, perhaps, of the flickering, unsteady nature of fire. According to his own story, 77 he was born halt; and his mother, chagrined by his deformity, cast him from Heaven out of the sight of the gods. I fell in Lemnos, and little life was left in me. He took part in the making of the human race, and in the special creation of Pandora. He is a glorious, good-natured god, loved and honored among men as the founder of wise customs and the patron of artificers; on occasion, as a god of healing and of prophecy.

The famous god of the strong arms could be cunning, even vengeful, when the emergency demanded. Soon after his birth, Jupiter would have sent him to Delphi to inculcate righteousness and justice among the Greeks; but the golden god Apollo chose first to spend a year in the land of the Hyperboreans, where for six continuous months of the year there is sunshine and spring, soft climate, profusion of herbs and flowers, and the very ecstasy of life.

At last, when the year was warm, came the god in his chariot drawn by swans, — heralded by songs of springtide, of nightingales and swallows and crickets. Then the crystal fount of Castalia and the stream Cephissus overflowed their bounds, and mankind made grateful offerings to the god. But his advent was not altogether peaceful. An enormous serpent, Python, had crept forth from the slime with which, after the flood, the Earth was covered ; and in the caves of Mount Parnassus this terror of the people lurked. Him Apollo encountered, and after fearful combat slew, with arrows, weapons which the god of the silver bow had not before used against any but feeble animals, — hares, wild goats, and such game.

In commemoration of this illustrious conquest, he instituted the Pythian games, in which the victor in feats of strength, swiftness of foot, or in the chariot race, should be crowned with a wreath of beech-leaves. Apollo brought not only the warm spring and summer, but also the blessings of the harvest. He warded off the dangers and diseases of summer and autumn; and he healed the sick. He was patron of music and of poetry. Through his oracle at Delphi, on the slopes of Parnassus in Phocis, the Pythian god made known the future to those who consulted him.

He was a founder of cities, a promoter of colonization, a giver of good laws, the ideal of fair and manly youth, — a pure and just god, requiring clean hands and pure hearts of those that worshipped him. But though a god of life and peace, the far-darter did not shun the weapons of war. When presumption was to be punished, or wrong righted, he could bend his bow, and slay with the arrows of his sunlight.

As in the days of his youth he slew the Python, so, also, he slew the froward Tityus, and so the children of Niobe. The bow of Apollo was bound with laurel in memory of Daphne, whom he loved. To him were sacred, also, many creatures, — the wolf, the roe, the mouse, the he-goat, the ram, the dolphin, and the swan. Apollo Belvedere in the Vatican. Delos alone consented to become the birthplace of the future deities. The daughter of Latona is, as her name Artemis indicates, a virgin goddess, the ideal of modesty, grace, and maidenly vigor. She is associated with her brother, the prince of archery, in nearly all his adventures, and in attributes she is his feminine counterpart.

As he is identified with sunlight, so is she, his fair-tressed sister, with the chaste brilliance of the moon. Its slender arc is her bow ; its beams are her arrows with which she sends upon womankind a speedy and painless death. In her prerogative of moon-goddess she is frequently identified with Selene, daughter of Hyperion, just as Apollo is with Helios.

Despising the weakness of love, Diana imposed upon her nymphs vows of perpetual maidenhood, any violation of which she was swift and severe to punish. Graceful in form and free of movement, equipped for the chase, and surrounded by a bevy of fair companions, the swift-rushing goddess was wont to scour hill, valley, forest, and plain. She was, however, not only huntress, but guardian, of wild beasts, — mistress withal of horses and kine and other domestic brutes.

She ruled marsh and mountain; her gleaming arrows smote sea as well as land. Springs and woodland brooks she favored, for in them she and her attendants were accustomed to bathe. She blessed with verdure the meadows and arable lands, and from them obtained a meed of thanks. When weary of the chase, she turned to music and dancing; for the lyre and flute and song were dear to her. Muses, Graces, nymphs, and the fair goddesses themselves thronged the rites of the chorus-leading queen.

But ordinarily a woodland chapel or a rustic altar sufficed for her worship. There the hunter laid his offering — antlers, skin, or edible portions of the deer that Artemis of the golden arrows had herself vouchsafed him. The holy maid, however, though naturally gracious, gentle, and a healer of ills, was, like her brother, quick to resent injury to her sacred herds, or insult to herself. To this stern temper Agamemnon, Orion, and Niobe bore regretful testimony. Diana was mistress of the brute creation, protectress of youth, patron of temperance in all things, guardian of civil right. The cypress tree was sacred to her; and her favorites were the bear, the boar, the dog, the goat, and specially the hind.

Venus , goddess of love and beauty, was, according to the more ancient Greek conception, a daughter of Jupiter and Dione 82 ; but Hesiod says that she arose from the foam of the sea at the time of the wounding of Uranus, and therefore was called, by the Greeks, Aphrodite, the foam-born. Everywhere, at the touch of her feet the herbage quivered into flower. The Hours and Graces surrounded her, twining odorous garlands and weaving robes for her, that reflected the hues, and breathed the perfume, of crocus and hyacinth, violet, rose, lily, and narcissus. To her influence is ascribed the fruitfulness of the animal and of the vegetable creation.

She is goddess of gardens and flowers, of the rose, the myrtle, and the linden. The heaths and slumberous vales, pleasant with spring and vernal breezes, are hers. She lends to mortals seductive form and fascination. To a few, indeed, her favor is a blessing; but to many her gifts are treacherous, destructive of peace. Her power extended over sea as well as land; and her temples rose from many a shore.

On the waters swan and dolphin were beloved of her; in air, the sparrow and the dove. She was usually attended by her winged son Cupid, of whom much is to be told. Venus of Melos in the Louvre. Of artistic conceptions of Aphrodite, the most famous are the statues called the Venus of Melos, and the Venus of the Medici. Venus of Melos. Mercury Hermes , born in a cave of Mount. Cyllene in Arcadia was the son of Jupiter and Maia the daughter of Atlas. According to conjecture, his name Hermes means the Hastener.

Mercury, swift as the wind, was the servant and herald of Jupiter and the other gods. On his ankles in plastic art , and his low-crowned, broad-brimmed petasus , or hat, were wings. As messenger of Heaven, he bore a wand caduceus of wood or of gold, twined with snakes and surmounted by wings, and possessed of magical powers over sleeping, waking, and dreams.

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He was beautiful, and ever in the prime of youthful vigor. To a voice sweet-toned and powerful, he added the persuasiveness of eloquence. But his skill was not confined to speech: he was, also, the first of inventors — to him are ascribed the lyre, the syrinx, and the flute. He was the forerunner, too, of mathematicians and astronomers.

His agility and strength made him easily prince in athletic pursuits. His cunning rendered him a dangerous foe; he could well play the trickster and the thief, as Apollo found out to his vexation, and Argus, and many another unfortunate. His methods, however, were not always questionable; although the patron of gamblers and the god of chance, he, at the same time, was the furtherer of lawful industry and of commerce by land and sea.

The Flying Mercury. Mercury conducting Souls to Pluto and Proserpine. He's a bit glum because the silly little princess with the golden ball has yet to arrive at his home in the dark forest! And I do believe I said I would discuss 'my advice for new writers part two' this week, so here goes. I am actually giving you the classic "Heinlein" rules for becoming a writer. He was successful back when there was quite a bit more work involved in getting your stuff out to potential readers, so he knows what he is talking about.

So what is his second rule for writing? Yep, I know, sounds like another 'duh' bit of advice. But once again, so so true-and so rarely followed out by aspiring writers. Granted, I have quite a few half-finished manuscripts and short stories around here somewhere, all done before I decided to get serious about writing, but I wished I had finished them and who knows, maybe I will one day!

Not at all. I am just suggesting you finish the first draft before deciding if it is hopeless. I have written first drafts several times and set them aside because they were not very good. Another good thing about finishing what you write is that you do have a direction. Nothing is more dreadful to creative types than a lack of ideas. A blank page will haunt you! When you have a first draft, no matter how good or bad you perceive it to be, at least you have a rough map through the wilderness of your vivid imagination.

You have a path to follow, so get those ratty running shoes on and go! Awww, yeah. Here it is, the super sexy omnibus edition! I love the cover, it is all gritty and dark, isn't it?! As I mentioned in a previous post, there is no 'bonus' material within, no extra chapters or author interviews or anything like that.

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This is just one compact package for those who like to buy one edition. The whole series clocks in at a little over , words, which was more than I thought it would be. Now, on to other subjects! Still working on the next book, all is well there. No surprises, shocks, delays, or computer failure so far, so hopefully it will be released in June as promised. And that question is I want to be an author! How do you do it?

Alternate versions include "What is your advice for new authors? If this question is asked in person, the person sits back and looks at me like there is one simple, easy answer. This is just what has worked for me, and since you guys ask me personally, I will try to give my own take on the process.

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The most classic, overused, yet truest advice is the most obvious:. Well, duh. Of course you have to write to be a writer. But this is often what happens to aspiring new writers: They talk about writing. They join writer's groups. They plot out story. If into fantasy, they draw maps. Many illustrate the characters. They think about writing constantly, doodling notes all the while.

Notice how little actual writing is going on. To be a writer, you must write. And you must write knowing that what you are writing will most likely be scrapped for a better draft later on. And that brings me to the second aspect of writing. What is your goal? Only you can answer that one. Maybe you just want to write a memoir for friends and family. Maybe you want advice on how your poetry is progressing. Maybe you want to be a best seller and fill up a swimming pool with your sweet, sweet cash.

How you write, what you write, how often you write, depends on a clear and concise goal that only you can set. So that's how I did it. I plotted, then I wrote, then I rewrote I usually go through about five drafts. I scrapped the first two novels I wrote because they sucked really, really bad. That is normal. I hated to trash them because I put so much love in them.

But I knew I had to be better. I have to be better every day to make even a modest living as an author. I want to be as good a writer as I can because my readers deserve that. Your time is valuable. Your money is valuable. It is my job as an author to give you the best I am able! I think that is my personal goal. I hope I didn't fail! Awww, c'mon guys, I just released a whole 75,ooo word book!

Yet you say you want more, so since I am ever your humble servant, I shall give you more. Let's see, what is going on? For the "Last Savior Trilogy," I am working on an omnibus edition for those of you who like to buy one bundle. The omnibus will not have any new material, just the three books. No bonus chapters or interviews or anything! I am sad to see the series done but I am so excited to be working on the next series Speaking of, I do have an update on that as well. A few posts back I said I was going to write a young adult series about a carnival.

As I was writing the first book, I realized something I have a really hard time writing young adult. It's just not my style. So I am not diving into young adult books anytime soon. The next series will be under the same pen name of R. I sort of compiled all the most popular fan questions I get and smushed them together. So go check out the "About Me" page if you want to know more about me.

If you do not want to know more about me, I understand completely. I am the most boring person I know! Oh, my faithful readers. I regret to inform you I got sick on Saturday and the sickness spread like germy wildfire through my household. It's only a couple of days, but I missed my deadline. In the hopes of cheering everyone up despite my utter failings at time management, here is yet another zentangle sketch of a unicorn.

I sketched this like five or six years ago then pulled it out of storage and finished it. I rarely add much color to my pen and ink sketches, so this one is a little different. Hope you enjoy! Oh, yeah, a zentangle dragon this week. Whoo hoo. I thought he was kind of cute, with big round eyes and a lazy smile. And trust me, there is a lot of fury! I am happy to report I am still on track for a release at the end of this month but you never know what trials await this haggard writer I also hope to design the new cover for the book.

I want more calligraphy in the typography so the final book will look different from the first two. They are going to have cover redos as well so they should all match up soon. Hello, fiends! I have something that may be of interest to you Check out his website, Keplar. He layers a wide variety of voices and sound effects to make some creepy demons.

Oh, yeah, added bonus to the audiobooks. I got sweet-talked into doing voice-acting, which I have zero training in. I play the voice of Valena. You really ought to listen to my hick accent, it is hilarious. So if you want to know what my voice sounds like, there you go! I really think I sound awful, but I will leave the final judgment to you Of course, I have to give an update on A Fury of Angels.

No delays-yet. I hold my breath in anticipation for release at the end of the month. I am working on the second draft still-and nothing has gone wrong!


No delays, no sickness, no sudden emergencies, nothing has impeded me! So you guys keep sending me happy-waves until I publish the book! Hear the book on Podiobooks. Listen on YouTube. Hello, fiends. Hope Easter finds your basket full of eggs and your bunny hopping merrily.

I have my fingers crossed for an April publish date on the final book in the trilogy. It still needs to go through a total of four drafts and an edit, and that is a lot of work, but I am shooting for the stars here. I ask you, my kindly and faithful fans, to send me happy waves and good luck cheers. Just for my little bit of random, I drew a zentangle sea dragon this week while thinking about writing. There is so much stuff to plan, from marketing to cover design, and this little dragon helped me through it all-him and my ever patient husband.

The image uploaded kind of small so please click on to enlarge. As always, Monday is bringing you fans of dark fantasy a bit of weird, a bite of random, dashed with a little strange sauce. I hear the hue and cry raised.